Schocken, Shelomoh Salman
- (1877-1959)German Zionist, publisher and bibliophile. He was born in Margonin, in the province of Posen. A collector of rare books and manuscripts, he established the Research Institute for Medieval Hebrew Poetry in 1929 in Berlin, which trans-ferred to Jerusalem in 1936. He also founded a publishing house in Berlin, branches of which were later opened in Tel Aviv and New York. In 1934 he went to Jerusalem, but he eventually settled in the US.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism